今年もあと10日となりました。恒例のサイエンス年末特集です。 気にはなるけどノートはしなかった記事や(CLARITY, CRISPR )全く気が付いていない記事などいろいろあります。これで今年を振り返りましょう。
Breakthrough of the Year
This year marks a turning point in cancer, as long-sought efforts to unleash the immune system against tumors are paying off—even if the future remains a question mark.
A gene-editing technique called CRISPR touched off an explosion of research in 2013, leading Science's editors to name it a runner-up for the 2013 Breakthrough of the Year.
- CLARITY Makes It Perfectly Clear A new brain-imaging technique that turns brain tissue transparent made the short list of runners-up for Science's Breakthrough of the Year.
Researchers announced they had derived stem cells from cloned human embryos, a long-awaited research coup that Science's editors chose as a runner-up for Breakthrough of the Year.
In research that Science's editors chose as a runner-up for Breakthrough of the Year, scientists coaxed cells called pluripotent stem cells to grow into tiny "organoids"—liver buds, mini-kidneys, and even rudimentary human brains—in the lab.
This year, astronomers traced high-energy particles called cosmic rays back to their birthplaces in the debris clouds of supernovae—a feat that Science's editors chose as a runner-up for Breakthrough of the Year.
Up-and-coming solar cell materials called perovskites made such rapid progress this year that the editors of Science picked them as a runner-up for Breakthrough of the Year.
In work that Science's editors named a runner-up for Breakthrough of the Year, researchers studying mice have found experimental evidence that sleep helps to restore and repair the brain.
Researchers have found that bacteria living inside the human body play vital roles in determining how the body responds to challenges as different as malnutrition and cancer—a realization that Science's editors named a runner-up for Breakthrough of the Year.
In work that Science ranked as a runner-up for Breakthrough of the Year, researchers used structural biology—the study of the molecules of life—to design the key ingredient of a vaccine against a dangerous childhood disease.